Stanhope, Charles, 3rd Earl

[br]
b. 3 August 1753 London, England
d. 15 December 1816 Chevening, Kent, England
[br]
English politician, scientist and inventor.
[br]
Stanhope's schooling at Eton was interrupted in 1764 when the family moved to Geneva; there, he soon showed a talent for scientific pursuits. In 1771 he contributed a paper on the pendulum to the Swedish Academy, which awarded him a prize for it. After his return to London in 1774, he threw himself into politics, earning himself not only a reputation for promoting the liberty of the individual, but also unpopularity for championing the French Revolution.
Stanhope is best known for his inventions in printing. In 1800 he introduced the first successful iron press, known by his name. Its iron frame enabled a whole forme to be printed at one pull, thus speeding up production. The press retained the traditional screw but incorporated a system of levers which increased the pressure on the platen up to the moment of contact with the type, so that fine, sharp impressions were obtained and the work of the pressman was made easier. Stanhope's process for moulding and reproducing formes, known as stereotyping, became important when curved formes were required for cylinder presses. His invention of logotypes for casting type, however, proved a failure. Throughout his political activities, Stanhope devoted time and money to scientific and mechanical matters. Of these, the development of steamships is noteworthy. He took out patents in 1790 and 1807, and in 1796 he constructed the Kent for the Admiralty, but it was unsuccessful. In 1810, however, he claimed that a vessel 110 ft (33.5 m) long and 7 ft (2.1 m) in draught "outsailed the swiftest vessels in the Navy".
[br]
Further Reading
G.Stanhope, 1914, The Life of Charles, Third Earl Stanhope, London.
H.Hart, 1966, Charles Earl Stanhope and the Oxford University Press, London: Printing Historical Society (a reprint of a paper, originally published in 1896, describing Stanhope's printing inventions; with copious quotations from Stanhope's own writings, together with an essay on the Stanhope press by James Moran).
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope — Portrait of Earl Stanhope by John Opie Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope aka Charles Mahon, 3rd Earl Stanhope FRS (3 August 1753 – 15 December 1816) was a British statesman and scientist. He was the father of the great traveller and Arabist… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington — The Earl of Harrington The Earl of Harrington. Born 17 March 1753 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland — The Right Honourable The Earl of Sunderland KG PC First Lord of the Treasury …   Wikipedia

  • Stanhope, Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl, Viscount Stanhope Of Mahon, Baron Stanhope Of Elvaston — ▪ British politician and scientist born Aug. 3, 1753, London, Eng. died Dec. 15, 1816, Chevening, Kent       radical English politician and noted experimental scientist, a brilliant eccentric in both capacities.       The second but eldest… …   Universalium

  • Stanhope, Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl — born Aug. 3, 1753, London, Eng. died Dec. 15, 1816, Chevening, Kent English politician and inventor. A member of the House of Commons (1780–86), where he was known as Lord Mahon until inheriting his father s title, he became chairman of the… …   Universalium

  • George Forbes, 3rd Earl of Granard — PC (October 21 1685 ndash; 1765), naval commander and diplomatist, He was the son of Arthur Forbes, 2nd Earl of Granard, by his wife Mary, daughter of Sir George Rawdon, 1st Baronet, of Moira, county Down, was born in Ireland 21 October 1685, and …   Wikipedia

  • Dudley Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby — The Right Honourable The Earl of Harrowby PC, DL, JP President of the Board of Trade …   Wikipedia

  • Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of, Baron Spencer Of Wormleighton — ▪ British statesman born 1674 died April 9, 1722, London, England  British statesman, one of the Whig ministers who directed the government of King George I from 1714 to 1721. His scheme of having the South Sea Company take over the national debt …   Universalium

  • Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend — Charles Townshend Charles, Viscount Townshend, after Kneller c.1715 20. Dressed in Garter robes. National Portrait Gallery NPG 1755 …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Harrington — is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1742 for the former Secretary of State and then Lord President of the Council, William Stanhope, 1st Baron Harrington. He had already been created Baron Harrington, of Harrington in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.